A Vital Part of the Judiciary - The U.S. Probation and Pretrial Services System is a vital part of the Federal judiciary. The system's mission is to investigate and supervise defendants and offenders. U.S. Probation and Pretrial Services Officers provide these services. Their core responsibilities are - investigation, report preparation, and supervision.
Congress laid the foundation for probation first. The Federal Probation Act of 1925 established a probation system in the U.S. Courts and gave Courts the power to appoint probation officers and to place defendants on probation. The Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts assumed responsibility for the probation system in 1940.